History of the Hyungs (Forms)

Chon-Ji Hyung: The literal meaning of Chon-ji, the name of the first hyung of the Chang-Hon School, is "heaven and earth" which in the Orient symbolizes the creation of the world or human history. Containing 19 movements, it is indeed a fitting name for the hyung a beginner learns.

Tan-Gun Hyung: The second pattern of the Chang-Hon School, which contains 21 movements, is named after legendary Korean hero who reputedly founded Korea in 2334 B.C.

To-San Hyung: The name of this pattern commemorates the pseudonym of a great Korean patriot and educator Ahn Ch'ang Ho (1876-1938). This pattern contains 24 movements.

Won-Hyo Hyung: Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.

Yul-Kok Hyung: Yul-Kok is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar, Yi I (1586-1584 A.D.) who was nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern represents the 38 degree latitude of Yul-Kok's birthplace, and the diagram represents "scholar".

Chung-Gun Hyung: Named after the patriot An Chung-Gun. The 32 movements in this pattern represent the age at which Mr. An was martyred in prision in 1910.

Toi-Gye Hyung: Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang, an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th degree latitude, and the diagram represents the word "scholar".

Hwa-Rang Hyung: Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 1,350 years ago and became the actual driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea.

Chung-Mu Hyung: Chung-Mu was the given name of the great Admiral Yi Sun-Sin of the Yi Dynasty who was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship-the precursor of the present-day submarine-in 1592 A.D. The left-hand attack ending this pattern symbolizes his regrettable death in battle before he had a chance to show his complete loyalty to the King.

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